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2019年翻译考试一级口译提升练习(9)

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发布时间:2019年11月01日 10:23:56 来源:环球网校 点击量:

【摘要】小编给大家带来2019年翻译考试一级口译提升练习(9),希望对大家有所帮助。加入环球网校有专业的老师为您解答问题,还可以和考友一起交流!

Well before his death, Peter Drucker had already become a legend. Over his 95 prolific years, he had been a true Renaissance man, and teacher of religion, philosophy and political science. But his most important contribution, clearly, is in business. What John Keynes is to economics, Drucker is to management.

In the 1980s Peter Drucker began to have grave doubts about business and even capitalism itself. He no longer saw the corporation as the ideal space to create community. In fact, he saw nearly the opposite: a place where self-interest had triumphed over the egalitarian principles he long championed. In both his writings and speeches, Drucker emerged as one of Corporate America's most important critics. When conglomerates were the rage, he preached against reckless mergers and acquisitions. When executives were engaged in empire-building, he argued against excess staff and the inefficiencies of numerous "assistants to".

In a 1984 essay he persuasively argued that CEO pay had rocketed out of control and implored boards to hold CEO compensation to no more than 20 times what the rank and file made. He maintained that multi-million-dollar severance packages had perverted management's ability to look out anything but itself. What particularly enraged him was the tendency of corporate managers to reap massive earnings while firing thousands of their workers. "This is morally and socially unforgivable," wrote Drucker, "and we will pay a heavy price for it."

【参考译文】

彼得•德鲁克在世时就已成为传奇人物。在 95 年的光辉岁月里,他广著名作,多才多艺,在宗教、哲学以及政治学领域都堪为人师。然而他最重要的成就无疑还是在商业领域。管理学中的德鲁克正如经济学里的约翰 . 凯恩斯?忌绻伦约捍砉际员奔浜涂际允奔涞幕,可以 免费预约短信提醒,届时会以短信的方式提醒大家报名和考试时间。

二十世纪八十年代,彼得•德鲁克开始对商业模式乃至资本主义制度本身产生了深深的怀疑。他不再认为公司是创造和谐氛围的理想场所,事实上,他所目睹的与此截然相反:公司里人人各为其利,而这与他一直倡导的公平原则相违背。无论是在著作还是演讲中,德鲁克都针锋相对,成为美国式企业制度最重要的批判者之一。适逢大财团纷纷涌现,他不厌其烦,尽数此类疯狂兼并和收购的弊端。当职业经理人们埋头建造商业帝国时,他指出冗员和机构臃肿会造成效率低下,危害不浅。

1984 年,他撰文有力地说明企业首席行政官的薪酬之高已近失控,并强烈建议各公司的董事会将其首席执行官的离职补偿金控制在普通员工的二十倍以内。他认为,企业高管动辄数百万美元的离职补偿金,使他们本末倒置,只管个人利益。最使他气愤的是公司经理人一方面自己收入丰厚,另一方面却在大批裁员。德鲁克写道,“无论是在道德层面,还是在社会层面,这都是无法原谅的,我们会为此付出沉重的代价。”

环球网校友情提示:以上内容是英语翻译资格频道为您整理的2019年翻译考试一级口译提升练习(9),点击下面按钮免费下载更多精品备考资料。

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